The retina is a thin layer of tissues that line the back of the eye and play an important role in vision. Dr. George Salib and the team at The Orange County Eye Institute work with adult patients to ensure they have healthy, fully functioning eyes through annual eye examinations. However, there are times when issues may affect the health and wellness of the retina. These may include conditions such as diabetic retinopathy or tears and detachment of the retina. Many patients may be diagnosed during a routine examination or come to our practice complaining of unexpected changes in their vision. When these issues occur, Dr. George Salib may suggest certain retinal procedures.
Retina procedures vary from condition to condition, but below are some of the more common treatments for a variety of retina issues:
When patients have intravitreal injections, this means that the doctor is delivering medication right to the vitreous cavity in the back portion of the eye. Medications delivered here can improve the health of the retina and the adjacent tissues. Patients will have topical anesthetics administered through gels or drops placed on the eye before this procedure is performed to ensure optimal comfort for patients.
A procedure such as laser photocoagulation is typically done to treat a myriad of conditions including diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, fix retinal tears and detachment, or address diabetic macular edema. This treatment is done in the office and it uses laser power to create limited burns on the retina to improve these conditions. This is a non-invasive procedure and patients will only experience blurred vision for just a few hours following their treatment.
Photodynamic therapy, sometimes called PDT, is a laser treatment that has been approved for use in age-related macular degeneration. It is now more recently used for other conditions such as choroidal hemangioma, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), and central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR).
Retinal surgery such as vitrectomy is commonly done to address repair of retinal tears, retinal detachment, macular holes, epiretinal membrane, and vitreous hemorrhage. This procedure essentially removes the vitreous gel from the eye without replacement, since the eye produces its own fluid.